What Is Myalgic Encephalomyelitis: Knowing About Its Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

According to wikipedia Myalgic encephalomyelitis is another name given for chronic fatigue syndrome. It is basically a neurological ailment accompanied by dysfunction of nervous system, endocrine system and immune system. It is also featured by impaired cellular energy metabolism and ion transportation in body.

Women Fatigued
Women Fatigued

Initially doctors were quite ignorant towards the patients diagnosed with fatigue and lethargy but they thought it was all in the patient’s panicked mind. Later doctors announced that some little known bugs were causing Myalgic Encephalomyelitis in stressed people.

Much later than that, research in laboratories revealed certain XMRV viral presence in blood samples of patients with common symptoms for chronic fatigue.

In most of the cases M.E. is found to be undiagnosed, progressive, degenerative and fatal. This is the reason why proper care and treatment is often not given to patients at initial stages. This leads to disease getting severe and complex.

What Are The Causes and Who Is Suffered Most?

Myalgic encephalomyelitis causes profound and unbearable fatigue. It can be caused due to combination of various factors which may include viral infection, stress, depression, etc.

You would be sad to read that myalgic encephalomyelitis reduces the activity level and agility of a person in a big way which results into educational, occupational and social limitations for him or her.

It is disheartening to say that at least one quarter of those who are affected by this disease are either unemployed or on disability.

Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) is two to four times more common in women than men. Most people affected by Myalgic Encephalomyelitis or “ME” have been found to belong to age groups between twenties and forties. Rare cases of teenagers suffering from ME has also been seen.

It is a common myth that only studious geeks and workaholic businessmen get the wrath of this syndrome. However the truth is that even people from other spheres of work or life get the victim of same. Sometimes Myalgic Encephalomyelitis is also found to be genetic where few families are more prone to it than others.

Technically Myalgic Encephalomyelitis sounds less harmful than many other diseases because it refers only to Chronic Fatigue. However, severity may go to greater extent where sufferer is deprived of even getting out of his/her house.

In some cases, patients may lose their job due to the severity of their problem. Thus it becomes one of the most debilitating and distressing condition.

Myalgic Encephalomyelitis Diagnosis

There is a very high probability of misdiagnosing this disease as the problem includes psychosomatic medical conditions, simple depression, or even hypochondria.

Blood tests generally fail to detect and declare what it actually is. Serious attention is therefore required for myalgic encephalomyelitis diagnosis. It can only be confirmed when the symptoms are observed for a prolonged period.

Myalgic Encephalomyelitis Symptoms

Myalgic Encephalomyelitis starts mildly with nervous disorders like having a negligible feeling of being disoriented, anxiety or pestering mood swings. Intervallic sleep patterns, personality changes may start on a mild note and worsen with unexpected speed and may lead to complete depression.

Having very poor memory and concentration powers are also included in the list of cognitive symptoms which may be seen in the patient having Myalgic Encephalomyelitis. Psychiatric disorders are mostly ruled out but can be a strong sign of having Myalgic Encephalomyelitis in few cases.

Few other Myalgic Encephalomyelitis symptoms in the list includes:

  • Genitourinary disorders
  • Neurocognitive impairments
  • Sleep disturbance
  • Gastro-intestinal disturbances
  • Body Pain
  • Making body prone to viral infections
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Respiratory ailments
  • Neurosensory, motor and perpetual disturbances
  • Sensitivity to odors, food, chemicals and medications
  • Dizziness, orthostatic intolerance, postural orthostatic tachycardia and neutrally medicated hypotension
  • Loss of thermostatic ability (making body suffer from sweating episodes, cold extremities and subnormal body temperature)

Also Read: 10 Best Herbal Supplements for Chronic Fatigue

Myalgic Encephalomyelitis Life Expectancy

Researches showed that M.E. can be a life threatening severe disease if not diagnosed and controlled in early stages. The life expectancy of the patients suffering from M.E. may therefore gets reduced in they do not get the treatment on time.

The fact is that the life of sufferers actually changes completely and they start living stressed life. Sources reveal that the death rate for M.E. is about 3% which may slightly increase due to the fact that these patients are more likely to commit suicide than a normal person.

Sad to reveal but true, M.E. deaths can be prevented if proper support and care have been given to the patients in the initial stages.

Myalgic Encephalomyelitis Treatment

The exact myalgic encephalomyelitis cure is still not known but there has been number of treatment options which have got developed in recent past that can help in getting relief from myalgic encephalomyelitis symptoms and disorders such as CFS and Fibromyalgia.

The myalgic encephalomyelitis treatment generally depends upon a sufferer and the symptoms they are suffering from. For reliving and treating myalgic encephalomyelitis, most of the times doctors recommend proper rest, balanced diet and exercise. Fitness schedule involving moderate exercises is the key to get rid of fatigue and other symptoms of this ailment.

Counseling and stress reduction techniques like meditation, deep breathing exercises, yoga etc too helps in dealing with the symptoms of myalgic encephalomyelitis.

Number of medications, herbal preparations and nutritional supplements are available in markets these days that helps in treating ME. But before indulging into these items, it’s important to consult with your health care expert.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory Drugs like naproxen and ibuprofen can be used to get relief from pain and reduce fever. Cyclobenzaprine which is sold as Flexeril is also an effective medication to cure pain and muscle spasm related with ME.

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