Medically the neck region is called as cervical spine and it is formed by seven vertebral bones which are arranged in proper alignment in a single column. These top seven bones of spinal region forms cervical spine which governs and protects the spinal cord from getting injured.
If this cervical vertebra gets broken or dislocated by any means then automatically the spinal cord gets into trouble which in turn may result in neurological problems like paralysis, loss of sensation in a particular upper body area, etc.
Due to this reason, medical professionals advise to immobilize the neck immediately in case fracture happens in neck, back or spinal region.
Causes for getting a neck fracture can be many like: injury in football or other sports, fall, accident, etc.
If spinal cord gets partially damaged because of the neck fracture then a person may get quadriplegia or loss of sensation in arms, hands, neck, etc. However if the damage is severe it may lead to respiratory distress which can extend to respiratory arrest and finally ends in sudden death for an individual.
Fortunately there are certain first aid treatment available which can help in avoiding the worst conditions of a neck fracture. Let us check them out below.
First Aid for Broken Neck and Spinal Injuries
As a first step the patient should not be allowed to move and kept lying still until emergency care arrives. The head should be gently supported by both hands and taken to the emergency room preferable in a lying position or by dragging the patient holding by the shoulders with the fore arms.
The next important procedure that has to be carried out in case of neck fracture is immobilizing the neck region with a good bandage or Plaster Of Paris or cervical collar.
Some of the major first aid measures which are highly helpful in case of a broken neck (head, back and spinal injuries) are as follows:
- If the person is responsive then try to hold his or her head and neck in the same single position without unnecessary shaking or movements. This reduces the pain and further damage to nearby structures that are present in and around the neck region.
- You should check the breathing and heart beat of a person. If the person is unconscious, got chocking or gasping for breath then immediate artificial breathing should be administered.
- If the person is vomiting then try to roll him/her carefully and try to provide cold application on the back of neck and also on epigastric region. By providing extreme cold therapy on the epigastric region, the esophagus constricts wand stops the vomiting instantly.
- Don’t bend or twist the person’s head or body as it will cause further complications.
- Don’t move the person from place where he/she is lying till the medical emergency reaches the spot. In case of absolute necessity you can shift a person with full safety measures. Extreme care is needed to handle the head and neck region.
Hopefully above tips prove helpful to you. By following above major first aid measures you can easily safeguard the person’s head and neck to avoid severe consequences like paralysis or even instant death.
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